This project targets developments of GNSS-enabled technology and functions that will provide SME based GNSS applications (GALILEO 2 – 2014-2015, SME Based EGNSS Applications.) The developments will be implemented into one application for two markets.
Europe and the World are facing challenges in how to reduce the impact of emergencies and disasters. These will happen but we can better plan the innovation and improve the understanding of the real challenges and the knowledge to solve them. GNSS, and especially Galileo, are key enablers for addressing some of the largest challenges of our society. A large number of lives and societies are affected in humanitarian and economical ways every year due to emergencies, crisis, missing security and larger disasters. From the target focus areas we cover citizen safety, mobility, disaster management and climate action including natural catastrophes.
The core application area is mission-critical visual communications, where, in addition to true location and time, also trust, reliability and robustness is needed in all elements, ranging from the information capture via the communications to the analysis and decisions. GNSS provides this via the research and development in this project.
The two markets are connected, and we are in working relationships with both:
- Humanitarian: Disaster response (United Nations) and emergency management (civil protection).
- Financial: Damage documentation for cost claims in smaller (Insurance) and larger (World Bank) Scale.
A novel business element is the connection of the two, as if private financial users (insurance) get access to relevant crisis data early, they are able to consider if a rapid reaction from their side might fund a response that both saves lives and values.
The project has a flying start, as an overall framework exists for implementation of the GNSS-driven functions.
This project is a user-driven SME development with a substantial commercial potential. Users are United Nations, EU and other Civil Protection, World Bank and Insurance.
The framework and developments cover:
- GNSS enabled trustful and reliable observation, collection, communications and fusion of GNSS geo- and time-stamped images and sensor data from the field using mobile technologies
- GNSS controlled capability to use satellite communications and low bandwidth unstable, realistic crisis network conditions
- GNSS assisted tracking and reporting of use of small micro-UAVs (micro helicopters) for live observations or mapping
- GNSS assisted use smart use of satellite Earth observations, specifically from the new Sentinel satellites
- GNSS assisted embedding of of trust and reliability into both the data and the communications.
- GNSS driven data fusion, decision support and data sharing with stake-holders for providing situational awareness and decision support for resolving emergency or disasters
The operational framework for GEO-VISION is OBSERVE-DECICE-ACT, in form of the trustful and robust capture, communications, mapping and use of mission-critical geo-referenced and time-stamped field observations, providing situational awareness for critical decision making. Key differences for mission-critical use from more regular use-cases are:
- Focus on relevant visual content, and use of an interactive image communications
- Recognizing that observations are not complete until received from the field to control and decision centers
- Trust that the information is valid, and always timely even under challenging communications conditions.
Just as trustful and reliable visual observations, non-manipulated images, robust and reliable communications are essential, so are also trustful locations and time of the content.
Proving that observations were taken at a given location, and not locking into spoofed navigation signals is useful for providing trust and confidence in critical situations, specifically related to security. Ensuring the authenticity of position and time services is becoming an important requirement in many GNSS applications.