For these areas there are mission-critical communication and integration challenges, specifically when we consider:
- Communications challenges to and from the field due possible limited bandwidth in satellite and radio systems
- Integration and data-fusion challenges when potentially collecting large amounts data
- Data verification challenges, in order to authenticate the observations and proving observers have been or not been at given locations. Fake signals (spoofing) can lead field teams astray
In this project, Galileo and GNSS technologies are key enablers to solve these challenges, and thereby helping to target improved citizen safety, emergency management, risk reduction, response and recovery in disaster management. User groups where this will have an impact include, first responders, police and law enforcement, civil protection, United Nations and the insurance industry for the recovery phase.
Galileo not only provides continuous, real-time, reliable, accurate and globally available position, velocity and time, but also a number of other benefits, such as signal authentication. This makes more difficult to disturb or spoof the signal, and possible to prove / verify a location as part of a process of creating reliable and trustworthy observations.
We will solve the targeted challenges with the development of new software as described in the following lines:
- Trustful Field Observations:
- In-app capture with no option for import from general gallery, immediate transfer of data via mobile or satellite networks, GNSS for geo- and time stamps, geo-watermarking on photos, safe and monitored use of micro-UAVs flying technology for live transfer, 2-way geo-messaging system so field equipment can both signal and get data when on given location
- Optimal field access to large Earth observation files, via interactive push-pull solution where regions of interest can be prioritized, and one easily can prioritize transfer of resolution and precision at incident locations
- Robust communications:
- Protocols for progressive communications under any circumstance, push-pull interactive concepts for minimum bandwidth use and focus on content and impact, application of GEO-communications, so that bandwidth and users in critical situation can be prioritized
- Efficient Decision support:
- Data verification, fusion of multiple in-situ sources from professional and crowdsourcing, UAV and Satellite images, in an online live mapping portal
- Advanced mapping and integration layers using not only time and location, but precision, trust and confidence
- Monitor any UAV flights and notify users if need to land
- Explore Galileo signal authentication and validation of location data
- Data sharing:
- Sharing data between humanitarian and economical users
- Sharing data with the public and in closed groups
- Operations Support:
- Field headquarters node
- Training modes
We will explore new applications and business in specific market sectors by developing sophisticated, innovative applications.
The field-user software solutions will be implemented into capable smartphones, while the recipient side will be implemented into a Linux server with Web access, and integrated with European Civil protection and United Nations as well as for users in the insurance industry.
A note on UN: The United Nations are located worldwide and is an international organization. The specific entity we work with is located in Geneva. Swiss entities are no longer automatically eligible for funding, but can join the project. Nobody in the EU has been able to respond to if United Nations are to be treated as a Swiss entity. Switzerland does not support UN for e.g. ESA funding. It is not clear if UN has a special arrangement, but probably not yet as the situation with Switzerland is very recent. Signal we have gotten lean towards UN still being eligible for funding. We are therefore inviting United Nations to participate into the project as “other countries” (representing close to 200 other countries). They have two roles: users of the solutions and co-developers of the satellite-mapping elements.